Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Selection

Logo Rozvedennya

Head of the laboratory Habilitation degree in Agricultural, professor
Fedoprovych Elizabeth F. Illivna

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Laboratory scientists:

Kuziv Markiyan - PhD in Agriculture, senior research scientist, leading research scientist
Chokan Taras - PhD in Agriculture, senior research scientist, leading research scientist
Kuziv Natalia - PhD in Agriculture, leading research scientist
Babik Natalia - PhD in Agriculture, research scientist

History

The laboratory was established in 2000 as genetics and breeding laboratory. In 2004 it was renamed into the Laboratory of Biotechnology and Genetics, in 2005 - into Animal Breeding and Genetics, and in 2007 - into Biological Bases of animal Genetics and Breeding. After joining it in 2012 Embryonic Biotechnology Laboratory it was called Reproductive Biotechnology and Breeding, and starting from 2015 - Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Selection.

Research areas:

  • improvement and consolidation of cattle breeds;
  • study selection and genetic and biological characteristics of the animals;
  • development of effective methods and the ways of preserving the gene pool of local and endangered breeds of farm animals;
  • genetic marking of desired hereditary material during the formation of genealogical structure of breeds;
  • study the dynamics of genetic variation of populations and breeds in the Western Ukraine;
  • study the state of homozygosis by the polymorphic proteins and enzymes systems of blood and milk proteins and determination their relationships with economically useful characteristics of animals;
  • development and theoretical underpinning selection parameters by the indices of growth and development, milk production, reproductive ability and complex breeding and genetic and biological characteristics;
  • development of long-term plans of selection and breeding work and programs of dairy cattle selection.

Research are conducted on productive animals using modern methods: zootechnical, biochemical, morphological, chemical, genetic and biometric.

Tasks performed by the laboratory

The researches carried out by the laboratory employees are the parts of state programs of Applied Scientific Researches (ASR) 31 «Genetic improvement of farm animals, their reproduction and preservation of biodiversity (Genetics, preservation, and reproduction of biological resources in animal husbandry)», primary research and ASR 43 «Adaptation processes in highly productive farm animals under the influence of ecological and climatic factors» («Physiology and biochemistry of animals»), applied studies.

According to the ASR 31 program, the task being carried out in 2021-2025 is 31.02.01.04. F «To investigate the variability of signs of the manifestation of the phenotype of dairy cattle and develop the ways to increase its productivity».

According to the ASR 43 program, the task being carried out in 2021–2023 is 43.00.01.05. «To study the influence of genetic and environmental factors on the milk productivity of cows in different climatic zones of Ukraine».

Scientific achievements of laboratory

On the basis of laboratory 4 Phd theses were defended and 6 Phd theses and three doctoral theses are prepearing. It is published more than 400 scientific works, including 1 manual, 4 teaching mediums, 12 monographs, 15 recommendations, guidelines, programs and 3 utility model patents.

Scientific theorizing

  • stepwise selection method of heifers of Ukrainian Black-and-Red and-White dairy breeds growth by weight and line;
  • selection criteria of Ukrainian Black-and-Red and-White dairy cows by the complex selective features;
  • selection parameters of Western Ukrainian interbreed type of Black-and-White servicing bulls by male germ cell production indices;
  • the way of forming valuable genotypes;
  • optimizing method selection in dairy cattle populations;
  • selection programs of Western Ukrainian interbreed type of Black-and-White dairy cattle;
  • Early lambing stimulation method.

The laboratory offers cooperation to farms of different ownership forms:

  • to develop plans for selection and breeding work and selection of cattle programs and their scientific support;
  • comprehensive evaluation of breeding stock;
  • to improve the system of organization and management of breeding farms;
  • to study genetic and biological characteristics of the animals;
  • to develop methods to improve breeding and productive qualities of the animals;
  • to develop effective methods and ways of preserving the gene pool of local and endangered breeds of farm animals.